To obtain permanent residence Canada’s Self-employed Persons Program is for eligible self-employed foreign nationals with significant and vital expertise in cultural activities or sports.
Candidates for the Self-Employed Persons Program must have the experience, intention and must be capable of making a “significant contribution” to Canada’s cultural life or sports in Canada.
Candidates must meet both the eligibility and obtain a minimum a passing mark under the program’s selection criteria in order to be considered for immigration as a self-employed person.
There is no regulated minimum net worth requirement for the Self-employed Persons Program. However, self-employed applicants must state that they have sufficient funds to settle in Canada along with their dependents and finance the work for which their selection is based.
- A foreign national must be able to be defined by the government of Canada as an eligible self-employed person.
- A self-employed person is supposed to have relevant self-employed experience in a cultural or athletic activity.
- Relevant experience comprises of at least two years of experience of either self-employed or participating at a world-class level in cultural activities or athletics as Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) demands it to be.
Under the Self-Employed Persons Program, eligible occupations within Canada’s artistic, cultural and athletic fields have:
|Professional Occupations in Art and Culture|
|5112||Conservators and Curators|
|5121||Authors and Writers|
|5124||Professional Occupations in Public Relations and Communications|
|5125||Translators, Terminologists and Interpreters|
|5131||Producers, Directors, Choreographers and Related Occupations|
|5132||Conductors, Composers and Arrangers|
|5133||Musicians and Singers|
|5135||Actors and Comedians|
|5136||Painters, Sculptors and Other Visual Artists|
|Technical and Skilled Occupations in Art, Culture, Recreation and Sport|
|5211||Library and Public Archive Technicians|
|5212||Technical Occupations Related to Museums and Art Galleries|
|5222||Film and Video Camera Operators|
|5223||Graphic Arts Technicians|
|5225||Audio and Video Recording Technicians|
|5226||Other Technical and Co-ordinating Occupations in Motion Pictures, Broadcasting and the Performing Arts|
|5227||Support Occupations in Motion Pictures, Broadcasting and the Performing Arts|
|5231||Announcers and Other Broadcasters|
|5241||Graphic Designers and Illustrators|
|5242||Interior Designers and Interior Decorators|
|5243||Theatre, Fashion, Exhibit and Other Creative Designers|
|5244||Artisans and Craftspersons|
|5245||Patternmakers – Textile, Leather and Fur Products|
|5253||Sports Officials and Referees|
|5254||Program Leaders and Instructors in Recreation, Sport and Fitness|
Self-Employed Persons Program: Selection Criteria
The Applications of the candidates are assessed against the points assessment for self-employed business immigration to Canada. The pass mark for the self-employed persons program is 35 points out of a total 100.
|Experience||Maximum 35 points|
|Age||Maximum 10 points|
|Education||Maximum 25 points|
|Ability in English or French||Maximum 24 points|
|Adaptability||Maximum 6 points|
|Total||Maximum 100 points|
|Pass Mark||35 points|
Factor 1: Experience
Significant experience must have been gained within the five year period before an application is signed and ceases to be when an ensured decision is made on an application. Applicants may obtain up to 35 points under the experience factor.
|Years of experience||Points|
|Two years of relevant experience||20|
|Three years of relevant experience||25|
|Four years of relevant experience||30|
|Five years of relevant experience||35|
Factor 2: Age
Applicants can score selection points based on their age at the time of application.
|16 or under||0|
Factor 3: Education
Self-employed applicants can score up to 25 points under the education factor.
|Master’s Degree or Ph.D. and at least 17 years of full-time or full-time equivalent study||25|
|Two or more university degrees at the bachelor’s level and at least 15 years of full-time or full-time equivalent study||22|
|Three-year diploma, trade certificate or apprenticeship and at least 15 years of full-time or full-time equivalent study||22|
|University degree of two years or more at the bachelor’s level and at least 14 years of full-time or full-time equivalent study||20|
|Two-year diploma, trade certificate or apprenticeship and at least 14 years of full-time or full-time equivalent study||20|
|One-year university degree at the bachelor’s level and at least 13 years of full-time or full-time equivalent study||15|
|One-year diploma, trade certificate or apprenticeship and at least 13 years of full-time or full-time equivalent study||15|
|One-year diploma, trade certificate or apprenticeship and at least 12 years of full-time or full-time equivalent study||12|
|High school diploma||5|
Factor 4: Language Ability
Self-employed persons can score up to 24 points based on their proficiency in English or French.
|HIGH: Individual can communicate effectively in most social and work situations.||Speaking: High||Listening: High||Reading: High||Writing: High|
|MODERATE: Individual can communicate comfortably in familiar social and work situations.||Speaking: Moderate||Listening: Moderate||Reading: Moderate||Writing: Moderate|
|BASIC: Individual can communicate in predictable contexts and on familiar topics, but with some difficulty.||Speaking: Basic||Listening: Basic||Reading: Basic||Writing: Basic|
|NO: Individual does not meet the above criteria for basic proficiency.||Does not meet Basic Level||Does not meet Basic Level||Does not meet Basic Level||Does not meet Basic Level|
Factor 5: Adaptability
Self-employed people may be marked up to six (6) points for adaptability based on the following:
|Spouse or common-law partner’s level of educationSecondary school (high school) diploma or less: 0 pointsA one-year diploma, trade certificate, apprenticeship, or university degree and at least 12 years of full-time or full-time equivalent studies: 3 pointsA two or three-year diploma, trade certificate, apprenticeship, or university degree and at least 14 years of full-time or full-time equivalent studies: 4 pointsA master’s degree or PhD and at least 17 years of full-time or full-time equivalent studies: 5 points||3-5|
|Previous work in Canada|
Applicant or the accompanying spouse or common-law partner has completed a minimum of one year of full-time work in Canada on a valid work permit.
|Previous study in Canada|
Applicant or the accompanying spouse or common-law partner has completed a program of full-time study of at least two years’ duration at a post-secondary institution in Canada. Applicant must have done this after 17 years of age and with a valid study permit.
Note: There’s no need to have obtained a degree or diploma for these two years of study to earn these points.
|Relatives in Canada|
Applicant or the accompanying spouse or common-law partner has a relative (parent, grandparent, child, grandchild, child of a parent, sibling, child of a grandparent, aunt or uncle, or grandchild of a parent, niece or nephew) who is residing in Canada and is a Canadian citizen or permanent resident.
Individuals who are interested in immigrating to Quebec should note that the province has a separate selection system for self-employed persons.